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Passenger cars with alternative drive systems increase by 15 percent in the first half of the year

New registrations of passenger cars with alternative drives increased by 35 percent in June, with 133,539 vehicles registered by the Federal Motor Transport Authority. In the first six months since the start of this year, 15.2 percent more new electric cars, hybrids with and without plugs, mild hybrids and gas-powered passenger cars were registered than in the same period last year, a total of 631,579 units. Alternative drive systems thus accounted for a market share of 45.2 percent in the first half of the year.

Among alternative powertrains, unplugged hybrids grew particularly strongly in June, up 59.1 percent to 62,319 units. Among the hybrids, 8,847 were full hybrids, 94 percent of which came from VDIK brands.

In June, 52,988 new battery-electric passenger cars hit the roads, an increase of 64.4 percent compared to the same month last year. Plug-in hybrids recorded a slump of 39.3 percent with 15,930 new registrations. As expected, customers are thus reacting sensitively to the discontinuation of the environmental bonus subsidy for plug-in hybrids since the beginning of the year. In the first six months of 2023, 220,244 battery-electric passenger cars were newly registered (up 31.7 percent year-on-year). In addition, 79,065 plug-in hybrids were newly registered (down 43.1 per cent).

In the first half of the year, 7,248 passenger cars powered by liquid gas were also newly registered (minus 5.1 percent), as well as 156 fuel cell passenger cars.

The VDIK regularly updates the list of electric vehicles from international manufacturers. The VDIK member companies currently offer more than 200 electric models (passenger cars and commercial vehicles) that customers can order in Germany. The VDIK electric list can be accessed here.

In the overall passenger car market, alternative drive systems have achieved a share of 45.2 percent since the beginning of the year. Gasoline engines gained market share (36.7 percent), while diesels declined further to 18.1 percent.

June January – June
+/- (%) +/- (%) Share of total
car market
Market
share VDIK (%)
BEV 52,988 64,4 220,244 31,7 15,8 35
PHEV 15,930 -39,2 79,065 -43,1 5,7 34
FCEV 34 -38,2 156 -35,0 0,0 84
Electric Vehicles (total) 68,952 17,9 299,465 -2,3 21,4 35
HEV
including:
62,319 59,1 324,076 38,9 23,2 41
full hybrid 8,847 53,7 46,168 26,4 3,3 94
mild hybrid 53,472 60,1 277,908 41,3 19,9 33
CNG 157 35,3 790 -18,5 0,1 60
LPG 2,111 88,5 7,248 -5,1 0,5 99
Alternative Drivetrains (total) 133,539 35,0 631,579 15,2 45,2 39
Petrol 99,710 19,9 512,479 15,5 36,7 39
Diesel 46,890 10,3 252,793 2,7 18,1 32
for information:
Passenger car (total) 280,139 24,8 1,396,870 12,8 38

Electric vehicles: BEV, PHEV und FCEV
BEV, Batterieelektrisches Fahrzeug, engl: Battery Electric Vehicle
PHEV, Plug-In-Hybrid, engl: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle
FCEV, Brennstoffzellenfahrzeug / Wasserstofffahrzeug, engl.: Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle
Hybride, Hybrid ohne Stecker bzw. nicht aufladbar, engl.: Hybrid Electric Vehicle
CNG, Gasf├Ârmiges Erdgas, engl: Compressed Natural Gas
LPG, Fl├╝ssiggas bzw. Autogas, engl: Liquified Petroleum Gas

Models with a maximum e-motor output of 20 KW are classified as mild hybrids, while full hybrids have a maximum e-motor output of more than 20 KW.