TECHNOLOGY

EC type-approval also for commercial vehicles

With the entry into effect of Framework Directive 2007/46/EC on 29 October 2007, EC type approval, which previously was applicable only to M1 vehicles, also became available for commercial vehicles. Among other things, the Directive introduced a multi-stage type approval also for commercial vehicles, thus taking account of the specific nature of commercial vehicle manufacturing. It also allows for the application of ECE regulations instead of EC Directives.

Based on the recommendations issued by CARS21, the EU Commission has now summarized the existing directives on vehicle safety in Regulation (EC) 661/2009, the so-called General Safety Regulation (GSR). With the introduction of the GSR, existing EC directives have been replaced by ECE regulations. Additional assistance systems, for instance emergency braking systems and lane departure warning systems for heavy commercial vehicles, or gear shift indicators and tire pressure monitoring systems for passenger cars have become mandatory. However, some of the technical details of these systems, as well as their minimum requirements, have not yet been finalized. They are still being drawn up and fleshed out in UNECE working parties. In light of the foregoing, the VDIK proposes that in the future, additional driver assistance systems not be made mandatory on a Europe-wide basis until the requirements for these systems have been defined and finalized, in order to ensure that they truly benefit road safety in the best possible way.